Paper: 12" * 9" (30cm * 23cm) medium-texture drawing paper
Pencils: 2B graphite, 6B graphite
Other Supplies: kneaded eraser
Optional Supplies: 12" * 9" (30cm * 23cm) medium-texture sketch paper, lightbox or transfer paper
STEP 1: Begin Placing the Basic Proportions
With a 2B pencil, sketch horizontal lines for the placement of the top of the head, lower knee, chin and distant forearm. Sketch vertical lines for the width of the head, lines for the width of the arms and a line for the distant knee.
STEP 2: Add the Head, Shoulders, Arms and Knees
Sketch the basic forms of the head, shoulders, arms and circles for the knees.
STEP 3: Sketch the Legs and Book
Continuing with a 2B pencil, sketch the basic forms of the legs around the knees and angled lines for the foundational form of the book.
STEP 4: Sketch the Hair, Hands, Foot and Clothes
Sketch the forms of the hair, hands and foot. Sketch the basic forms of the clothes.
STEP 5: Sketch Placement Lines for the Face, Fingers, Toes, Clothes and Book
Sketch lines for the placement of the facial features, fingers and toes. Sketch lines for the folds of the clothing and the book and its pages.
STEP 6: Refine the Form and Add the Details
Refine the overall form and add the details including the facial features.
STEP 7: Add More Details and Erase Unwanted Lines or Transfer the Sketch
With a 2B pencil, add more details to the hair and folds. Erase any unwanted lines if working directly on the drawing paper. If you used sketch paper for your structural sketch, trace or transfer the image onto drawing paper omitting any unwanted lines.
STEP 8: Add the Lighter Values
With a 2B pencil, add the lighter values. For this drawing, the only areas to be kept white are the sides of the pages of the book.
STEP 9: Add the Middle Values
Gradually darken the contours of the figure by adding the middle values.
STEP 10: Add the Dark Values
With a 6B pencil, begin to add the dark regions such as the recesses of the folds and other shadowed areas.
STEP 11: Add the Details and Make Adjustments
Add final darks, details and adjustments with 2B and 6B pencils. Use a kneaded eraser to lighten any areas that need adjusting, including highlights to the hair and clothes. Sign the front of the drawing and write the date on the back.